Internal Medicine for Pets

Elk Grove Veterinary Specialty and Emergency offers the most comprehensive internal medicine diagnostic and treatment options for your pets in the area. Our veterinary specialists see patients on a referral basis. Your veterinarian may refer you to us when your pet has a complicated illness requiring advanced diagnostics or treatment not available in a general practice setting.

The specialty of internal medicine involves diagnosis and management of diseases of the internal organs such as:

  • Heart
  • Lungs
  • Liver
  • Kidneys
  • Spleen
  • Urinary system
  • Bone marrow
  • Endocrine system
  • Immune system
  • Laparoscopy
  • Echocardiogram

Internal medicine specialists use advanced diagnostics to diagnose complicated medical conditions. Your veterinarian may refer your pet for the following specialist procedures:


Detailed ultrasound imaging of the heart, including color flow Doppler, allows the evaluation of the chamber dimensions, contractility, heart valves and pericardium. This is an important diagnostic tool for evaluation of patients with a heart murmur, and symptoms of heart disease such as cough, exercise intolerance or collapse events.

Abdominal Ultrasound

Imaging of the abdominal organs is helpful in the diagnosis of a myriad of disease conditions including:

  • Liver inflammation and tumors
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Gastrointestinal and pancreatic disorders
  • Kidney disease
  • Spleen tumors or torsion
  • And diseases of the urinary bladder.

Additionally, an ultrasound-guided biopsy is a minimally invasive way to obtain tissue samples for cytology (evaluation of cells) as a way to screen for cancer of the liver, spleen and kidneys.

CT Scan

CT scanning is a very detailed method of image collection. It generates a series of thin cross-section images of the body part being scanned. CT is useful for many indications including brain and spinal cord disorders, and in evaluating tumor dimensions prior to surgery. Patients may be candidates for CT scan if they show a history of:

  • Head or spinal trauma
  • Neurologic signs such as seizures or ataxia (incoordination)
  • Progressive weakness
  • Or with tumors diagnosed with radiology or ultrasound

Endoscopy, Rhinoscopy, Bronchoscopy and Cystoscopy

These procedures allow the visualization of the inside of the gastrointestinal tract, sinuses, respiratory tree, and urinary bladder. During the procedure, samples are usually taken of fluid or tissue to aid in the diagnosis of disease.

We’re happy to collaborate with your family veterinarian to help your pet. If you feel that your pet may need a consultation with our internist, please contact us and have your family veterinarian send us medical records prior to your appointment.